<p style="text-align: left;">* the environment *</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Introduction</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Along with various developments, mankind has been able to control many natural forces. Among these developments, the environment has not been spared, and major crises and threats have faced the environment of countries. The destruction of plant and animal resources, the emergence of various types of pollution and soil erosion are examples of these environmental crises, and our country is not immune from these crises either. In Iran, at the same time as the development of international environmental rights, the issue of the environment was raised, and with the approval of the hunting and fishing law in 1346 and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Organization in 1350, the first steps were taken to protect the country's environment. Due to the importance of this issue, Article 50 of the Constitution is dedicated to the issue of environment and its protection.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Article 50 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran</p> <p style="text-align: left;">"In the Islamic Republic of Iran, protecting the environment, in which today's generation and future generations should have a growing social life, is considered a public duty. Therefore, economic and other activities that are associated with environmental pollution or irreparable destruction are prohibited.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The phrase "today's generation and future generations" evokes the concept of sustainable development, and the phrase "prohibition of combining economic activities, etc. with environmental pollution and irreparable destruction" refers to the elasticity capacity of the ecosystem. The presence of the word "or" between destruction and pollution confirms the concept that both destruction and pollution are prohibited. Because in this case there is no compensation.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The 50th principle of the Constitution is the only principle that explicitly mentions the issue of environmental protection, and for this reason, this principle can be considered as one of the new comprehensive principles of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Therefore, the legislator decided to set a general policy on the subject that should be followed as a model in all laws.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">A healthy environment is a suitable platform for prosperity and sustainable development. Neglecting this valuable resource that is freely available to humans causes irreparable damage to the earth and all living beings whose lives depend on its health. Considering the current progress of technology and its alignment with the preservation of the environment and the principles of sustainable development, as well as the increasing trend of industrialists to protect the environment, the protection of this planet has become a common effort, so that it can be considered as an accepted responsibility. Kurd that everyone is diligent in complying with it. In this regard, Alai Mehestan Petrochemical Company has always placed compliance with environmental principles and rules, responding to stakeholders and moving towards the environmental goals of the region at the top of its plans.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The environmental administrative unit of Alai Mehestan Petrochemical Company has been considered as one of the most important specialized units of the HSE department since the beginning of the project, and currently all environmental affairs are managed and controlled by this unit.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Environmental goals</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The environmental unit of Alai Mehestan Petrochemical Company is committed to identify and control the sources of pollution in all its processes by observing the environmental standards and relying on the principle of sustainable development, eliminating conflicts between development and the environment, and respecting the rights of future generations. and prevent possible damage to the environment, for this reason, by planning, large investment and implementing numerous and up-to-date projects in the field of environmental protection, implementing social responsibility projects, as an Iranian company, it intends to succeed in receiving The golden statue of the environmental management system is one of the world's top audit institutes in this field.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Also, in line with the fulfillment of the 50th principle of the constitution, Alai Mehestand Petrochemical Company considers development without regard to the environment as one-dimensional, unstable and incomplete development, and is committed to the optimal use of raw materials, respect for the rights of local communities and citizens with the slogan of reduction! reuse. Recycle (Reduce!Reuse.Recycle) knows.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">In line with the environmental strategy of Alai Mehestan Petrochemical Company, the environmental unit of HSE affairs has defined the macro and micro goals. Among the most important environmental programs and projects that are planned to be implemented in this company, the following can be mentioned. did:</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The process of managing environmental aspects and effects with the aim of optimizing the consumption of energy carriers and reducing costs, optimal use of resources and reducing adverse environmental effects.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The process of waste management and transformation of the complex into Zero Discharge mode (in order to achieve sustainable development, Zero Discharge to the environment is its ultimate goal and in this regard, a road map for improving and upgrading the environmental management system (Environmental Improvement Plan) has been developed and program will determine its short-term and long-term operational goals and implement them).</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Wastewater management process with the aim of reusing treated wastewater in order to reduce the consumption of water resources and environmental pollution.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The management process of monitoring and measuring environmental pollutants in order to ensure the correct functioning of the monitoring equipment, determining the permissible limits of emission of pollutants in the environment based on the standard.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Using modern control and monitoring systems for environmental pollutants, including the real-time chimney monitoring system (Online Monitoring System)</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Design and implementation of smoke less flares system with full combustion, which continuous monitoring of the operating conditions of their output flame by CCTV cameras installed on the emission sources under the full control of the Environmental Protection Organization</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Implementation of preventive programs (Leading Indicator) such as the project of identifying and fixing leaks from process equipment (LDAR program)</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&middot; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Regular and continuous implementation of the self-declaration plan in the monitoring, by the authorized laboratory of the Environment Organization</p>